The socca is a little culinary treasure hailing from the sun-kissed Ligurian Coast, stretching from Italy to France. Naturally vegan and gluten-free, this delectable and rustic chick pea flatbread has seen a big revival in these past few years. But its recipe is truly as ancient as can be – and very, very easy.
In Italy, from Vintimille to La Spezia, it is known as the “farinata”. In the Piemonte Region, people call it the “belecàuda” (meaning literally, beautiful and hot). And in the South of France, from Toulon to Hyeres, it has the name of “la cade” (from the Italian “caldo”, meaning hot.)
This recipe’s version of the “socca” originates from Nice, France. It is a staple of the Provencal Cuisine, and can be found in most French cook books. And I like to think this is the simplest and most universal one. At the start of the 20th century, the socca was sold in Nice by streets vendors bearing fire-breathing drums on wheels. It was served in big paper cones to early-morning factory workers and hungry fishermen leaving at sea. Then, a humble blue-collar meal, the socca has now become a touristic – and fairly pricy – culinary must-try from Nice. In the 70s, a slice of socca sold for 50 cents (0.07€), in the 90s it was sold 10 francs (1,5€); and today you can expect to pay at least 3€ for your slice.
This thin, unleavened chick pea flour flatbread is made with just a handful of ingredients: chickpea flour, water, olive oil, salt and pepper. Some Italian recipes will add dried herbs such as rosemary or sometimes few pinches of spices. In more recent recipes, it is sometimes baked in a pizza oven, sometimes in a cast-iron pan and sometimes on a baking sheet.
For this recipe, I bake my socca on a baking sheet (coated with olive oil), in a regular oven and it works perfectly. Sure, it is not as authentic as in a wood-burning oven, but this is part of living in our modern world, in our modern home kitchen, right? At the end of the baking process, turn on the broiler for about 1 to 2 minutes to get that crispy top and signature smoky flavor.
The socca is meant to be enjoyed right out of the oven, piping hot, so it can best deliver its signature culinary assets: a super crispy top and a soft bottom. The chick pea flour gives a soft – almost creamy- texture to the inside of the crepe, and a delightful nutty taste.
With a sprinkle of salt, a crack of pepper and torn by hand, it makes a great healthy snack. Shred it in multiple pieces with some cheese on top and you will have the perfect shareable appetizer. And if you’re feeling more creative, try it with dip, as a pizza crust or even as a burrito wrap. For some inspiration, here are a few of my favorite ways to dress up your socca:
Provencal Chickpea Flatbread (Socca)Print This
- 1 cup chickpea flour
- 1/2 tsp sea salt
- 1/2 tsp freshly ground black pepper
- 1 ¼ cup lukewarm water
- 3 Tbsp extra-virgin olive oil (plus 1 tbsp for the pan)
In a large bowl, sift chickpea flour, salt, and pepper. Whisk in warm water and olive oil. Let sit, covered with a cloth, for at least one hour.
Place your baking sheet in the oven and preheat to 450 F.
Carefully, remove your baking sheet from oven and add a tablespoon of olive oil – it will sizzle a bit. Immediately, pour your batter in a steady stream until it reaches the edges of the pan.
Bake for 8 minutes (until the edges are set). Then, turn on your broiler, and bake for 1 to 2 minutes. Keep your eyes on the socca: the top should turn dark-brown very quickly, but make sure not too over-do it.
Remove the socca from the oven. With your hands (or with a small knife), cut into wedges. Sprinkle some salt and pepper, and serve immediately.
This recipe is translated and adapted from the book “Les carnets de Julie: Julie cuisine la France… chez vous!” by Julie Andrieu.